Cao Nhan Mulberry village Hai Phong

Cao Nhan Mulberry village Hai Phong

Cao Nhân Mulberry Village is a traditional mulberry cultivation village with a long-standing history in Thủy Nguyên, Hai Phong. This is the renowned mulberry hub located in the Northern Delta region.

Origin of Cao Nhan Mulberry village

In the early 1990s, as part of a production restructuring project, the Cao Nhân commune converted 45 hectares of rice fields to mulberry and banana cultivation. However, the banana trees only remained on this land for a few years before gradually giving way to mulberry trees. Cao Nhân Mulberry Village is the birthplace of the famous Liên Phòng mulberry variety, known far and wide. This is the first and only location in Vietnam where mulberries are exported abroad.

Additionally, Cao Nhân Mulberry Village is also the leading mulberry trading village in the country. Moreover, it is the only locality recognized as a traditional mulberry production and processing village. When visiting this village, you will have the opportunity to discover and admire the specialty mulberries, witness the delicate and beautiful mulberry leaves, and experience firsthand the meticulous care given to mulberry cultivation.

Mulberry at Cao Nhan village

At Cao Nhân, mulberry saplings for breeding purposes must be selected from trees around 25 years old, with green, flexible, and boiled leaves, bearing 9 to 11 leaves per stem. After selecting the tree, mulberry growers choose the top chambers of the tree for harvesting, which falls in April and May when the chambers are ripe, with red and yellow fruits. Finally, they select round, uniform-sized fruits, typically medium-sized or larger, for propagation.

To propagate mulberries, growers in Cao Nhân select a well-drained, elevated soil mound. Next, they spread a layer of dry loamy soil underneath. Then, they crush and mix the soil with husks, evenly spreading it on top to form a mound about 25–30 cm high. Finally, they bury the mulberry saplings in the mound, with the heads facing upwards, just protruding from the surface to ensure a distance of 25–30 cm between each seedling. Throughout the propagation process, they maintain moisture in the mound.

After about a year, towards the end of autumn when the trees sprout 2-3 buds, the mulberry seedlings are transplanted into the planting garden so that they can develop strong roots when the spring rains arrive. Each tree is planted in a hole that is 70cm wide and 70cm deep, with a spacing of 1.7-2m between each hole. The planting density is maintained at 60-70 trees per plot to ensure each tree receives sufficient sunlight and wind.

Mulberries thrive on composted manure, well-soaked fresh manure diluted in water for irrigation before flowering and during fruiting. After each harvest, additional composted peat soil is added to the mulberry garden.

The consumption of mulberries

Mulberries from Cao Nhân have been exported to the Chinese market since the early years of Vietnam’s renovation in 1988. The Chinese market has a large demand for certain mulberry products such as mulberry candy and dried mulberries. Since then, many purchasing, processing, and exporting facilities for mulberries have been established in Cao Nhân, making it a central hub for mulberry procurement and processing nationwide. In 2007, Cao Nhân officially added a mulberry processing village. By the mid-21st century, Cao Nhân had over 300 households engaged in mulberry procurement and processing, with dozens of drying and processing facilities. In addition, people from Cao Nhân have set up processing workshops for mulberry exports in various places.

Cao Nhân Mulberry Village is where the quintessential beauty of Vietnamese rural life converges, with lush mulberry orchards covering the landscape from village roads to alleys, from paddy fields to porch edges. The scent of mulberry flowers permeates the air, offering a sense of peaceful and harmonious life. Today, Cao Nhân Mulberry Village still retains the charming simplicity and grace of Vietnamese rural life. The red-tiled roofs of traditional houses, ancient houses with thatched roofs, betel nut trees, piles of dried straw, banyan trees, marketplaces, wells, wooden boats… have made this place a bright spot in eco-tourism when combined with the livelihoods, cultural activities of the mulberry cultivation village, or the ancient betel chewing customs of the local people.

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